Before installing, stack siding off the ground, face to face in pairs as show, to allow air to freely circulate as they acclimate at the building site. Kiln-dried cedar needs seven to ten days to acclimate properly.
For Bevel siding, start at the bottom and use a nailing block on the first course. Space nails at a maximum of 24” on center. Joints between boards should be staggered and made on studs, and fitted snugly to other pieces, to trim and to flashing. Caulk all ends.
Tongue and Groove siding can be installed horizontally or vertically. For horizontal applications, start at the bottom and work up with the grooved edge facing downward. Siding up to 6” wide can be toe-nailed through the base of each tongue. Wider siding or siding applied in windy regions, should be face nailed using two nails. Make sure nails penetrate 1 ½” into solid wood.
For vertical applications, start at one corner with grooved edge toward your left. Use a plum line or a level to set your first board and randomly check as you continue. You may have to trim the grooved edge of the first board to ensure a tight, flush fit. Nail to horizontal blocking lines installed between studs or to furring strips.
Channel siding should be fastened in the same manner as T & G, always nailing into furring strips or studs. Trim the edges of the first and last boards, as needed, to ensure a tight, flush, and uniform finish. Make sure nails penetrate 1 ½” into solid wood and unline T & G, face-nail only. Leave enough distance between the nails of one piece and the next to allow the cedar to contract and expand. Start at one corner with channel edge toward your right. Use pattern 105 for horizontal applications, starting at the bottom and working up with the channel tongue facing upward. Face-nail as described above.
Butted joints should be mitered and placed over studs. Fit them snugly to other pieces, to trim and to flashing. All ends should be caulked. See close-up detail. Note the 1/8” air space.
Only proper wall construction and siding installation can prevent water from seeping behind the siding into wall and roof spaces. Where the roof meets the siding and trim, always use the flashing to direct water away from areas not intended to be exposed to water.
Keep trim and siding at least 1” above the roof to avoid wicking. The photograph shows a metal roof meeting the siding. Note that the metal roof is bent up to go behind the siding. For shingle roofing, the flashing goes behind the siding and allows water to drain on top of the shingles. Flash above doors and windows and where different materials meet. Tilt flashing so water drains away from the wall. Do not caulk where flashing and trim meet. Never use caulking in lieu of flashing. For ground-floor skirt boards, flash above the skirt boards and keep them at least 6” off the ground. For second-floor applications, flash above and below windows and band boards. Flash facia boards to prevent water from getting underneath roofing shingles or behind soffits and facia boards.